In India where the population has been bursting all the charts, it’s essential for the women to know the options available to them in order to manage their pregnancies. As most of us belong to the educated class, we know that it is essential to take care of our bodies and our reproductive health when we decide to keep pregnancy at bay. These days there are many contraceptive methods available in the market and one visit to the gyneac confuses us about which method to opt. The options which guarantee that there will be no pregnancy, alter our hormones and the ones which don’t pose any such threat secure us just 97 percent of the times.
Intra Uterine Devices
Intra Uterine devices are one of the most popular contraceptive method. They are the small implants which are placed in a woman’s uterus and their function is to make the environment of the womb unsupportive of pregnancy. Copper T is one of the most popular intra uterine device in India. These days a few other options are also suggested to women. These new age intra uterine devices release hormones in one’s uterus and makes it unfriendly for sperm.
Mirena is one such device and contains the hormone levonorgestrel. While the other contraceptives disrupt ones periods, Mirena doesn’t interfere with the monthly cycle. It helps in regulating the cycle and is used in the treatment of dysfunctional uterine bleeding. All the IUD’s need to be inserted by a doctor because they require a very minor procedure to be place properly. But the great thing about IUD’s is that you don’t have to bother about pregnancy for 5 years.
Depot contraceptive injections are a part of the new age contraceptive methods for a few years. These injections guard a woman from pregnancy for 150 days and she doesn’t get any periods while under the affect of these injections. Contraceptive injections are a better choice for women who are already on a pill and they keep forgetting the regular use of the same. Missing a pill or two can put you at a risk of pregnancy. Depot injections can safeguard you for 150 days at the very least.
Birth Control Patches
It is really a headache to pop a birth control pill at the same time everyday. How great it would be if you could just wear the pill and that too once a week. Yes, birth control patches give you the same freedom. You can wear a patch on the skin and the same hormone as the pill is released into your body through your skin. You have to change the patch once a week for three weeks. Ideally, you have to give a break of one week after three weeks for the periods to happen. But if you want the periods to be delayed for some reason you can continue wearing the patch. Birth control patches have the same side effects as that of the pills and pose no increased risk on your health. They are one of the safest contraceptive method.
Birth Control Implant
This is an implant of a small device releasing progesterone in your arm. You have to get the device surgically placed into your arm and it will function similar to the patch or the pills. The patch keeps releasing the hormone into your system slowly over the period of three years. Although it may cause some spotting or minor bleeding, some women using it have no period at all. Also, the device helps avoid all the health risks associated with oestrogen as it only contains progesterone.
Birth Control Ring
Birth control rings are small rings which need to be inserted into the vagina. They are soft and flexible and can easily be placed into the uterus. You can yourself place the ring safely into the uterus just like a tampon. Just like the skin patches, birth control ring work for three weeks. the fourth week is to be left ring free and you will get your periods in this ring free period. The most common issue with this ring is that it slips out sometimes. But it can easily be reinserted or a new one can be used instead.
How to chose the right Contraceptive?
While choosing the right contraceptive method, you should consider many factors like your age, current health issues, your life style and most importantly your family planning needs. For the women who are taking a break after pregnancy or have no plan to get pregnant in near future, pills, implants, patches all are considered as good options.
However, for a woman who is nursing, the depot contraceptive injections are the best choice because the pills will interfere with her breastfeeding. Intrauterine devices, with or without hormones, are also safe and effective in this phase.
Next time you visit the gyneac, make an informed decision about the contraceptive method you wish to use. If you like this article and think that it might help someone you know, please do share. Also please like Sheneeds.co.in on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.